A visit to the Little Rock Scripture Study sight will show a number of entries for material concerning the Exodus. The second book of the Bible tells us of the plight of Israel in bondage in Egypt and their eventual release under the leadership of Moses. The people were led out of Egypt, through the Red Sea to eventually settle in the promised land. The Little Rock Scripture Study page list the Exodus as the “central event of old testament.” It should come as no surprise the authenticity of the Biblical account of the Exodus are not shared by everyone.
A group of scholars who have studied the Bible as well as the archeological evidence from Egypt have a decidedly different view of history. This group, known as the minimalist, claim the events recorded in the book of Exodus never took place. Their claims go as far as saying the people of Israel were never slaves in Egypt, the person of Joseph was fictional, and even the figure of Moses was mythical. According to the minimalist none of these events or people ever really existed.
These claims, which will seem extraordinary to many Christians, are not based on evidence which shows the events did not take place. The minimalist claim there is no evidence which shows the story of the Exodus ever took place, therefore it must be false. The proof is in the negative form. Since no evidence exists, it must not be true. This negative logic fails in a number of areas.
When the minimalist claim there is no evidence for the Exodus they are ignoring the fact the events are recorded in the Bible, which is an historically accurate document. It is also curious that Egyptologist, the experts on ancient Egypt, its people and its history, generally accept the biblical account as accurate. In addition, James Hoffmeier, a professor of Biblical Studies and archeology at Wheaton College maintains that Egyptological evidence supports the biblical account of Exodus.
While Christians, for the most part, are willing to take what the Bible tells us on faith, a more definitive response is required to not only silence critics, but to convince them of the Bible’s accuracy. By using extra-biblical texts, archeological discoveries, inscriptions and artifacts it is possible to present a great deal of evidence the Bible is accurate and the Exodus was in fact a verifiable historical event. In coming posts I will break down the Exodus story and the evidence supporting its historical accuracy in order to answer critics and reassure those who may have doubts.