**Click the link to the video clip for an example of at home activities that teach fundamental skills.**

Teachers do as much as possible to help prepare their students for standardized test like the FCAT. But parents can help prepare their own kids for tests. Using teachable moments in the home is very effective. It helps kids make the connection between standardized test questions and real life. Parents can and should educate themselves about what is expected of their children. This will allow them to check at home to see if their kids are prepared for standardized tests.

**Watch this video clip for hands-on activities to reinforce math skills at home.** – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1AfIcDDlbcQ

The following is a sampling of the skills that elementary school students in third grade are expected to master. Older elementary aged students would be expected to master additional skills. While this list is not comprehensive, it is a good start for parents wishing to know what their children are required to know for FCAT and other standardized tests. FCAT testing begins on April 11, 2011 for students in Polk County, Florida.

**Reading: Students in elementary school (third grade and up) are expected to know how to**:

Use a table of contents, headings, glossaries, indexes, charts, graphs, diagrams, and illustrations to answer questions

Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar words

Use prefixes and suffixes to determine the meaning of unfamiliar/complex words

Recognize antonyms (opposite words), synonyms (words that mean almost the same thing), homophones, and homographs

Determine the correct meaning of words with multiple meanings in context (words that are spelled the same but have different definitions)

Recognize the order of events in a text

Identify figurative language in a text (personification, similes, metaphors, and symbolism) and examine how it is used to describe people, feelings, and objects

Identify the main idea of something they have read

Identify themes or topics in a variety of fiction and nonfiction

Identify and classify supporting details from something they have read

Determine implied messages in a text

Decide if an author wants to inform, entertain, or persuade the reader

Identify cause-and-effect relationships in text

Identify the text structure (compare/contrast, cause/effect, or sequence of events)

Compare and contrast elements, settings, characters, and problems in two texts

Identify and explain the elements of story structure (characters, setting, plot, problem, and resolution) in fiction

Organize information for different purposes (following directions, making a report, conducting interviews, performing a task, etc.)

**Math: Students in elementary school (third grade and up) are expected to know how to**:

Identify place values on the left of a decimal point (ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, and millions)

Identify place values on the right side of a decimal point (tenths, hundredths, and thousandths)

Write and understand mathematical equations

Recognize relative number sizes (for example – 1/3 is less than 1, 20 is less than 100, 1,500 is less than 2000, etc.)

Represent numbers in several different forms (for example – 1/2 is equal to **.**5)

Multiply and divide numbers

Work with fractions with denominators of 1 through 10, 12, and 16

Recognize mixed numbers and convert them to improper fractions

Recognize improper fractions and convert them to mixed numbers

Recognize and properly use the (<), (>), and (=) symbols

Estimate an answer and recognize when an estimated answer is NOT reasonable

Recognize the factors of a number (for example – 1, 3, 5, and 15 are factors of 15)

Recognize prime numbers vs. composite numbers

Recognize and describe: triangles, squares, rectangles, pentagons, hexagons, octagons, decagons

Recognize and describe specific triangles: right triangles, equilateral triangles, isosceles triangles, scalene triangles

Recognize and describe quadrilaterals: parallelogram, trapezoid, square, rectangle, rhombus, and kite

Find the perimeter of a polygon

Find the area of a polygon

Apply standard units of measurement (inches, feet, yards, miles, millimeters, centimeters, kilometers, etc.)

Apply non-standard units of measurement as measuring tools (for example – how many pencils long is a desk)

Measure using a ruler to the 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, and whole inch

Measure using a ruler to the millimeter and centimeter

Determine units of measurement (seconds, dollars, square inches, etc.) to use to answer real-world problems

Select the right instrument or tool (scales, rulers, thermometers, etc.) needed to measure in real-world situations

Name lines, line segments, diagonals, and vertices (vertex)

Recognize parallel and perpendicular lines

Recognize reflection (mirror image), flip, overlapping, and combining of figures

Recognize congruent objects (same size and shape)

Identify symmetry and lines of symmetry

Tell time to the minute, quarter hour, and hour

Recognize elapsed time (half hour, hour, day, week, and year) increments

Add and subtract money problems (with decimals) properly

Read tables, bar graphs, pictographs, and line plots using increments of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, and 100

Use pictograph keys that are in increments of 1, 2, 5, and 10

Plot (positive) ordered pairs in a rectangular coordinate graph

Use tree diagrams to display possible outcomes and to predict events

Use data to predict using probability and statistics

**Helpful Links**:

http://fcat.fldoe.org/fcatsmpl.asp

http://hornface.com/parenting-in-tampa-bay/test-taking-strategies-may-improve-performance-on-standardized-test-like-the-fcat

http://hornface.com/parenting-in-tampa-bay/parents-can-use-bloom-s-taxonomy-to-encourage-higher-level-learning-their-children

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1AfIcDDlbcQ

http://www.fcatexplorer.com/