Alpha-Lipoic Acid, or ALA, is a unique ingredient, due to the fact that it’s both fat- and water-soluble. This means that ALA is able to penetrate skin cell membranes on every level, providing thorough protection against free radical damage. ALA is particularly useful when it comes to enlarged pores, wrinkles, and dull skin.
Also known as CoQ-10, CoEnzyme Q-10 is naturally produced by the body as its main defense against free radical invasion. However, as we age, the body produces less and less CoQ-10, leaving the cells less protected against free radical damage. CoQ-10 is used in many anti aging products, especially eye anti aging products due to its enhanced ability to target crow’s feet.
Acai berry, often referred to us a “superfruit”, is a small, blue berry, originally found in Central and South America. Cold-pressed acai berries yield an antioxidant-rich oil that’s regularly used in anti aging skin care products. What makes acai oil especially unique is the fact that antioxidant levels remain incredibly high even after it’s been bottled and stored.
Vitamin C antioxidant is one of the few skin antioxidants that is enhanced when used topically as well as internally. Research shows that vitamin C may stimulate the production of collagen and elastin, while reducing the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, and even scars. The dual-action of internal and external vitamin C will help optimize its benefits and quicken their visibility.
Retinol is a topical antioxidant vitamin (vitamin A) that is known to encourage collagen production, thereby creating a plumper skin texture. It can also reduce wrinkles and fine lines, diminish discolorations, and protect against future damage. Talk about multi-tasking! Retinol is an especially potent ingredient that should only be used under the supervision of a esthetician or physician.
Caffeine is beloved for its ability to provide a little pick-me-up, but studies show that it may also be able to prevent the free radical damage that can lead to cancer-causing mutations.
In a 2002 study, caffeine applied to the skin of mice showed the ability to prevent skin cancer by healing tumors before they finished forming. While anti-cancer benefits are continuing to be studied, caffeine is used in skin care to help diminish visible signs of aging, as well as cellulite and stretch marks.