Pre-Reading Skills for Preschoolers
In order to build preschoolers reading skills, preschoolers need a lot of encouragement and exposure to learning experiences. Children need to have a good understanding of basic words and concepts. When parents can provide some one-on-one time and attention to their children, this can lead them to be successful readers. Here is a list of ways your children and students can build their pre-reading skills.
When we read print it goes from left to right. This is the first thing a child needs practice with.
The more experience your child has with language the better. It will be easier for them to learn to read when they are exposed to different types of language. Your child needs to listen to stories, hear conversations, play word games, and make up silly rhymes.
Build Fine Motor Skills
Having control over their pencil is important. Reading and writing are usually taught together so practicing print can help build their fine motor skills.
The earlier your child or student recognizes the letters in the alphabet, the quicker he or she will be able to focus their attention on the sounds the letters make. Singing the ABC song and using magnetic letters can help with learning the alphabet.
It is important that your child has a concept of print. Can your child recognize print in everyday life? On cereal boxes? The newspaper? Grocery lists? Your child needs exposure to print to gain print knowledge. Read together every day and ask questions like, “Where are the words?”
Before reading print, children need to understand words that make sounds are called phonemes. There are 44 in the English language. If you change the phoneme in a word, you can change the meaning. Reading expert, Louisa C. Moats, co-author of Straight Talk About Reading, says “”Ninety percent of the time, kids who have reading problems have a weakness in their ability to detect and identify speech sounds,” In order to make sure your child can identify speech sounds you can have your child name words with the same sound or replace the first sound of the word. ( I.e. cat, hat…)
With encouragement and exposure to learning experiences, parents and teachers can help their preschoolers build pre-reading skills which will lead them to be successful readers.
If you live in the Buffalo, New York area, check out Read to Succeed Buffalofor more information and tips for parents and teachers.
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